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environmental impact of pgm mining in south africa

The environmental costs of platinum–PGM mining and ...

2010-4-1  At present, South Africa is the dominant PGMs producer and holds ∼88% of estimated global resources, with additional production and resources in Russia, Zimbabwe, Canada and the United States. Given the concentrated location of PGM resources, what are the likely trends in PGM mining with respect to environmental sustainability?

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The environmental costs of platinum–PGM mining and ...

Main Pt natural deposits are in South Africa, Canada and Russia and its concentration per cubic meter of the terrain is dramatically low, therefore, its mining has an extremely high environmental ...

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Environmental Health Impacts of Platinum Mining

2014-9-9  The main environmental impacts of platinum mining Solid waste – tailings dams and waste rock dumps 580 000 tons ore/ton Pt produced; Plus waste rock: 20% – 90% of ore (UGM) Water consumption: 273 to 544 m3/kg PGM (average about 400 m3/kg) Energy consumption (mine, concentrator and smelter): 168 to 256 GJ/ kg PGM CO 2e emissions: 40 to 50 t/kg PGM

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THE ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE OF PLATINUM GROUP

2020-1-24  with mined ore grades ranging from 2 to 6 grams per tonne. 1 PGM mining is a capital, energy and labour intensive process; extraction, concentration and refining of the metals require quite complex processes that may take up to six months. Most of the largest primary producers of PGMs are located in South Africa which hosts

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The Environmental Costs of Platinum-PGM Mining: An ...

2009-9-22  additional 81,000 t PGMs in the reserve base category – about 88% is in South Africa, with 8% in Russia. Platinum-PGM Mining and Processing There are broadly considered to be four main types of economic PGM mineral deposits [4]: • Norite intrusions – where meteoritic impact has been instrumental in PGM emplacement; eg.

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Effects Of Mining on the Environment and Human Health

2021-11-5  Dear Readers, please refer to this latest article regarding the serious effects of Acid Mine Drainage on the environment and human lives in South Africa. This Harvard report was just recently released in October, 2016 and is extremely in depth on the

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THE PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF PLATINUM GROUP

2020-1-24  Primary production at Impala Platinum mine in South Africa. IMAGE CREDIT: Mining Operations, Implats. For example, in South Africa, PGM-bearing ores generally have a low PGM content of between 2 and 6 grams per tonne and it will typically take up to six months and between 10 and 40 tonnes of ore to produce one ounce (31.1035g) of platinum.2 ...

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impact of mining activities in South Africa S. Chevrel ...

2014-5-14  impact of mining activities in South Africa S. Chevrel * and H. Coetzee * *BRGM, National Geological Survey, Environmental Geology Dpi, #f 600P - #060 CW6mj CWx 2 - France, email: [email protected] ^Council for Geoscience (Geological Survey of South Africa), Geophysics Division, Private Bag XI12, Pretoria 001, South Africa email: henkc ...

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SA PGM operations Sibanye-Stillwater

2020-12-31  SA PGM operations. Our Southern Africa PGM operations consist of underground mining operations, surface sources and concentrators in South Africa at

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Evaluating Impacts of Coal Mining in South African ...

2019-11-11  In 2014, the country has produced near 260 Mt of coal and 182.7 Mt. South Africa sold its coal product internally with a value of R54.7 billion 69.6 Mt, worth R46.7 billion have been exported. The coal product provides around 81 % of the energy produced by the Energy Industry in South Africa. The coal-mining sector in South Africa is considered

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THE ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE OF PLATINUM GROUP

2020-1-24  with mined ore grades ranging from 2 to 6 grams per tonne. 1 PGM mining is a capital, energy and labour intensive process; extraction, concentration and refining of the metals require quite complex processes that may take up to six months. Most of the largest primary producers of PGMs are located in South Africa which hosts

Read More
The environmental costs of platinum–PGM mining and ...

At present, South Africa is the dominant PGMs producer and holds ∼88% of estimated global resources, with additional production and resources in Russia, Zimbabwe, Canada and the United States. Given the concentrated location of PGM resources, what are the likely trends in PGM mining with respect to environmental sustainability?

Read More
The Environmental Costs of Platinum-PGM Mining: An ...

2009-9-22  additional 81,000 t PGMs in the reserve base category – about 88% is in South Africa, with 8% in Russia. Platinum-PGM Mining and Processing There are broadly considered to be four main types of economic PGM mineral deposits [4]: • Norite intrusions – where meteoritic impact has been instrumental in PGM emplacement; eg.

Read More
SA PGM operations Sibanye-Stillwater

2020-12-31  SA PGM operations. Our Southern Africa PGM operations consist of underground mining operations, surface sources and concentrators in South Africa at Kroondal, Rustenburg and Marikana, and Mimosa in Zimbabwe (a 50% joint venture

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ENVIRONMENTAL AND HEALTH IMPACTS OF MINING

2014-10-8  thousands of sites in Africa contaminated by mining and associated mine dumps such as tailings and slag material. On the other hand, the number of studies focused on the impacts of mining and mineral processing on the environment and human health in Africa have increased significantly during the last decade. However,

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The environmental impact of gold mine tailings footprints ...

Gold mining in South Africa resulted in vast volumes of tailings, which have been deposited in impoundments. Poor management of most of the tailings dams resulted in the escape of seepage, adversely affecting soils and water quality. Some tailings dams have been partially or completely reclaimed leaving contaminated footprints. These zones pose a serious threat to the underlying

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Platinum - Minerals Council South Africa

2021-11-4  Platinum mining in South Africa. In South Africa, the discovery of the first platinum nuggets dates back to 1924. The geologist Hans Merensky’s follow-up work resulted in the discovery of two deposits, each around 100km in length, which became known as the Bushveld Igneous Complex.

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PGM sales surge due to higher prices Statistics South Africa

2021-4-13  PGM sales surge due to higher prices. Like all other commodities, South Africa’s production of platinum group metals (PGMs) was volatile in 2020 as miners tried to navigate the uncertainty and economic damage caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. Here is a snapshot of how PGM production, prices and sales fared during the year.

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OVERVIEW OF PGM PROCESSING

2015-1-12  World PGM reserves total about 3,200 M oz (c. 200 years at the current rate of production), and are found in relatively few areas of the world; South Africa (88%), Russia (8%), North America (2%), Zimbabwe (1%) and Rest of World (1%) South Africa (SA) is the source of over 60% of newly mined PGMs and over 80% of Platinum. PGM mining in

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SA Mine 2019 In Transition - PwC South Africa

2019-9-27  carried South Africa onto the world stage, but the South African mining industry requires a revitalisation to regain its lustre. This is the 11th edition of our annual publication highlighting trends in the South African mining industry, as represented by the top 26 mining companies by market capitalisation.

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The environmental costs of platinum–PGM mining and ...

At present, South Africa is the dominant PGMs producer and holds ∼88% of estimated global resources, with additional production and resources in Russia, Zimbabwe, Canada and the United States. Given the concentrated location of PGM resources, what are the likely trends in PGM mining with respect to environmental sustainability?

Read More
The Environmental Costs of Platinum-PGM Mining: An ...

2009-9-22  additional 81,000 t PGMs in the reserve base category – about 88% is in South Africa, with 8% in Russia. Platinum-PGM Mining and Processing There are broadly considered to be four main types of economic PGM mineral deposits [4]: • Norite intrusions – where meteoritic impact has been instrumental in PGM emplacement; eg.

Read More
Platinum group metals: a unique case study in the ...

2016-2-16  At present, South Africa is the dominant PGMs producer and holds ~88% of estimated global resources, with additional production and resources in Russia, Zimbabwe, Canada and the United States. Given the concentrated location of PGM production and resources, what are the likely trends in PGM mining with respect to environmental sustainability?

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M.J. Mabiza, Member, IAENG and C. Mbohwa

2015-7-20  Mining and Ore Concentration Processes of PGM at the American Platinum Ltd, South Africa. IEEE IEEM 2014, Selangor-Malaysia, 12 Product Relativ e mass (kg) kg CO2-eq Minin g Ore concentratio n Smelting Converting Off-gas handlin g Total Blown air 40,00 42,65 121,88 115,49 34,38 1,43E-15 314,40 Chromium

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The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on South African

2020-6-25  The PGM mining workforce in South Africa is set to double to more than 160 000 from June as a result of the South African government lowering the COVID-19 related lockdown level, which allows for the return to 100% mining capacity.

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Mining is destroying SA's environment - Bench Marks

2021-10-31  The single most destructive impact of mining is on the environment. Mine waste is still the largest source of pollution in South Africa and the country is one of the world's largest emitters of CO ...

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PGM sales surge due to higher prices Statistics South Africa

2021-4-13  PGM sales surge due to higher prices. Like all other commodities, South Africa’s production of platinum group metals (PGMs) was volatile in 2020 as miners tried to navigate the uncertainty and economic damage caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. Here is a snapshot of how PGM production, prices and sales fared during the year.

Read More
OVERVIEW OF PGM PROCESSING

2015-1-12  World PGM reserves total about 3,200 M oz (c. 200 years at the current rate of production), and are found in relatively few areas of the world; South Africa (88%), Russia (8%), North America (2%), Zimbabwe (1%) and Rest of World (1%) South Africa (SA) is the source of over 60% of newly mined PGMs and over 80% of Platinum. PGM mining in

Read More
SA Mine 2019 In Transition - PwC South Africa

2019-9-27  carried South Africa onto the world stage, but the South African mining industry requires a revitalisation to regain its lustre. This is the 11th edition of our annual publication highlighting trends in the South African mining industry, as represented by the top 26 mining companies by market capitalisation.

Read More
Mining - Environment South Africa

2 天前  The Wake of South Africa’s Abandoned Gold Mines. We have been covering Mining issues in South Africa extensively for the past 17 years ..... Mining threat to 3 billion years of evolution in SA. Mining threat to 3 billion years of evolution in SA Source: NEWS / 12 MAY 2018, 10:30AM / SHEREE ..... Magaliesberg farmers ready to tackle mining ...

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